Doxorubicin Immobilization on chitosan-modified silver Nanoparticles as a drug delivery method for effective anticancer treatment
Keywords:Chitosan, Doxorubicin, Folic Acid, Cellular uptake
Objective: The goal of this research is to load Doxorubicin (DOX) on silver nanoparticles coupled with folic acid and test their anticancer properties against breast cancer.
Methods: Chitosan-Capped silver nanoparticles (CS-AgNPs) were manufactured and loaded with folic acid as well as an anticancer drug, Doxorubicin, to form CS-AgNPs-DOX-FA conjugate. AFM, FTIR, and SEM techniques were used to characterize the samples. The produced multifunctional nano-formulation served as an intrinsic drug delivery system, allowing for effective loading and targeting of chemotherapeutics on the Breast cancer (AMJ 13) cell line. Flowcytometry was used to assess therapy efficacy by measuring apoptotic induction.
Results: DOX and CS-AgNPs-DOX-FA were found to inhibit cell proliferation in the AMJ13 cell line, according to the findings. The anti-proliferative impact of these chemicals was attributed to cell death and activation of apoptosis, as evidenced by dual staining with acridine orange and Ethidium bromide. The presence of high fluorescent signals specific for cellular uptakes of CS-AgNPs-DOX-FA into the cell line's cytoplasm was confirmed.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, CS-AgNPs-DOX-FA has a lot of promise to be used as an anticancer delivery system. The findings imply that this conjugate should be researched further for potential use as anticancer drug.
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