Breast Cancer Knowledge and Screening Practice among Women in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Authors

  • Arwa F Flemban 1. Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Saeed M Kabrah 2. Laboratory Medicine Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Suhail S Alfaifi 3. Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Ahmed S Alsubhi Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Ayoub S Alzahrani Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Khalid A Alhazmi Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Samah Alharbi Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22317/jcms.v8i5.1286

Keywords:

Breast cancer, Mass Screening, Awareness

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the level of current knowledge regarding breast cancer in Saudi Arabia. We assessed the knowledge of breast cancer risks, the knowledge regarding the BSE and mammogram in Saudi Arabian females using a survey-based study.

Methods:  A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered survey to assess the knowledge and practice of Saudi women toward Brest cancer examination. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS program.

 

Results: A total number of 499 surveys were collected. The data showed that there was general lack of practice of BSE in the sample only 186 (37%) reported that they practiced regular BSE and only 16 (3%) reported that they went to the clinic for breast examination. Among all participants around 54% had poor overall knowledge of breast cancer 65% had poor knowledge regarding breast cancer risk and 93% had poor knowledge regarding clinical examination. Surprisingly, 56% had good knowledge regarding the clinical picture of breast cancer.

Conclusion: This clearly showed that the lack of breast self-examination, mammogram and clinical examination is not a result of total lack of knowledge but due to lack of knowledge regarding risks and examination. This set of data provide a guideline for the focus and planning of future breast cancer awareness campaigns.

References

Al-Rikabi, A., and S. Husain. 2012. 'Increasing prevalence of breast cancer among Saudi patients attending a tertiary referral hospital: a retrospective epidemiologic study', Croat Med J, 53: 239-43.

Alam, A. A. 2006a. 'Knowledge of breast cancer and its risk and protective factors among women in Riyadh', Ann Saudi Med, 26: 272-7.

Alam, Awatif Ali. 2006b. 'Knowledge of breast cancer and its risk and protective factors among women in Riyadh', Annals of Saudi Medicine, 26.

Albanghali, M. 2021. 'Awareness and Knowledge of Breast Cancer among Women in Saudi

Arabia', International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences, 10: 90-107.

Allohaibi, Aminah, Fatimah Yousef, Ghadeer Joudah, Hussam Rajab, Ikhlas Sindi, and Mai Albaik. 2021. 'Knowledge of Breast Cancer and the Practice of Breast Self-Examination in Saudi Women: An Online Survey', Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Health Care, 13.

Alomair, Abdullah Nasser , Dania Ghazi Felemban, Mohannad Sami Felemban, Jameel Abdullah Awadain, Ammar Saud Altowairqi, Nawaf Fawzan Alfawzan, Fatimah Mohammed Almazayen, Abdulrahman Jalwi Korkoman, and Nawaf Saad Alrusayyis. 2020. 'Knowledge, attitude, and practice of breast self-examination toward breast cancer among female students at King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia', International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4: 429-34.

Cady, B., and J. S. Michaelson. 2001. 'The life-sparing potential of mammographic screening', Cancer, 91: 1699-703.

Casolo, P., A. Raspadori, B. Drei, D. Amuso, D. Mosca, C. Amorotti, P. Di Blasio, R. De Maria, G. De Luca, G. Colli, and E. Ganz. 1997. '[Natural history of breast cancer: lobular carcinoma versus ductal carcinoma in our experience]', Ann Ital Chir, 68: 43-7; discussion 48.

da Costa Vieira, R. A., G. Biller, G. Uemura, C. A. Ruiz, and M. P. Curado. 2017. 'Breast cancer screening in developing countries', Clinics (Sao Paulo), 72: 244-53.

Ferlay, J., I. Soerjomataram, R. Dikshit, S. Eser, C. Mathers, M. Rebelo, D. M. Parkin, D. Forman, and F. Bray. 2015. 'Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: sources, methods and major patterns in GLOBOCAN 2012', Int J Cancer, 136: E359-86.

Hussein, D. M., S. H. Alorf, Y. S. Al-Sogaih, S. H. Alorf, R. S. Alaskar, A. M. Al-Mahana, W. F. Alsalhowb, A. K. Alibrahim, M. Y. Saka, A. M. Alhazimi, A. Baghirova, and S. I. Hindawi. 2013. 'Breast cancer awareness and breast self-examination in Northern Saudi Arabia. A preliminary survey', Saudi Med J, 34: 681-8.

Latif, R. 2014. 'Knowledge and attitude of Saudi female students towards breast cancer: A cross-sectional study', Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 9: 328-34.

MOH. 2020. 'Breast Cancer', Saudi Ministry of health, Accessed 2/4/20200. https://www.moh.gov.sa/en/HealthAwareness/EducationalContent/wh/Breast-Cancer/Pages/default.aspx.

Morman, N. A., L. Byrne, C. Collins, K. Reynolds, and J. G. Bell. 2017. 'Breast Cancer Risk Assessment at the Time of Screening Mammography: Perceptions and Clinical Management Outcomes for Women at High Risk', J Genet Couns, 26: 776-84.

PDQ. 2002. 'Genetics of Breast and Gynecologic Cancers (PDQ(R)): Health Professional Version.' in, PDQ Cancer Information Summaries (Bethesda (MD)).

Pomahac, B., A. Recht, J. W. May, C. A. Hergrueter, and S. A. Slavin. 2006. 'New trends in breast cancer management: is the era of immediate breast reconstruction changing?', Ann Surg, 244: 282-8.

Saunders, Mark , Philip Lewis, and Adrian Thornhill. 2009. Research methods for business students (Pearson Education India).

Suleiman, A. K. 2014. 'Awareness and attitudes regarding breast cancer and breast self-examination among female Jordanian students', J Basic Clin Pharm, 5: 74-8.

Thatcher, Robert W. 2010. 'Validity and reliability of quantitative electroencephalography', Journal of Neurotherapy, 14: 122-52.

Torre, L. A., F. Bray, R. L. Siegel, J. Ferlay, J. Lortet-Tieulent, and A. Jemal. 2015. 'Global cancer statistics, 2012', CA Cancer J Clin, 65: 87-108.

Torre, L. A., R. L. Siegel, E. M. Ward, and A. Jemal. 2016. 'Global Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates and Trends--An Update', Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 25: 16-27.

Winters, S., C. Martin, D. Murphy, and N. K. Shokar. 2017. 'Breast Cancer Epidemiology, Prevention, and Screening', Prog Mol Biol Transl Sci, 151: 1-32.

Yaghmour, K. A., S. J. Alamri, R. H. Alfaqeh, L. M. Alnashri, B. J. Alamri, and M. A. Makin. 2020. 'Awareness and Knowledge of Breast Cancer Screening Methods among Women in Al-Qunfudah, Saudi Arabia', ournal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 32: 81-95.

Yedjou, C. G., J. N. Sims, L. Miele, F. Noubissi, L. Lowe, D. D. Fonseca, R. A. Alo, M. Payton, and P. B. Tchounwou. 2019. 'Health and Racial Disparity in Breast Cancer', Adv Exp Med Biol, 1152: 31-49.

Published

2022-10-26

How to Cite

Flemban, A. F. ., Kabrah, S. M. ., Alfaifi, S. S. ., Alsubhi, A. S. ., Alzahrani, A. S. ., Alhazmi, K. A. ., & Alharbi, S. . (2022). Breast Cancer Knowledge and Screening Practice among Women in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, 8(5). https://doi.org/10.22317/jcms.v8i5.1286