The impact of depression Level among elderly residents in nursing home and community: A comparative study
Keywords:Depression, Elderly, Nursing home
The percentage of the elderly is expected to nearly double, from 12% to 22%, between 2015 and 2050 due to the rapid aging of the global population. All told, this means that increase the elderly people over the age of 60 to 2 billion from 900 million. Therefore, it is anticipated that older individuals may experience particular physical and mental health issues this study was done to examine the impact of elderly people's levels of depression and to Compare the level of depression among elderly people living with their families and elderly resident in nursing homes.
A comparative study non-probability sampling strategy was used choose a judgmental sample of 125 elderly who residents in nursing home and community by using of questionnaire composed of three part: part I demographic characteristic part II, UCLA loneliness scale part III geriatric depression scale, data is analyzed using descriptive statistical data analysis.
The results of the study indicated that elderly in nursing home and community show moderate level of depression study reveals that elderly people at nursing home have higher level of depression than those in community as indicated by with a p-value of.001
The study conculcated by Providing social and health programs to support the elderly, as well as conducting awareness sessions for caregivers and families on how to take care of the elderly residing in the nursing home or residing with their families
World Health Organization, WHO, (2018). Ageing and health.
Walsh, K., Scharf, T., & Keating, N. (2017). Social exclusion of older persons: A scoping review and conceptual framework. European Journal of Ageing, 14, 81–98.
Karamivand, V. (2019). The Causes of Elderly Residence in Nursing Home from the Viewpoint of Elders. Iris Journal of Nursing & Care, 2(2), 1–5.
World Health Organization (2016). Mental health. Depression in Europe.
Hussain H.Y., (2016). Elderly, health and socio-demographic profile in Iraq, the context of conflict, violence and social exclusion, systematic review. Middle East Journal of Age and Ageing, 13(2): 18–25.
He, W., Goodkind, D., & Kowal, P. R. (2016). An aging world: 2015.
Ibrahim, A. A., AI-Lami, F., Al-Rudainy, R., & Khader, Y. S. (2019). Mental Disorders Among Elderly People in Baghdad, Iraq, 2017. INQUIRY: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing, 56: 1–8.
Clegg, A., Young, J., Iliffe, S., Rikkert, M. O., & Rockwood, K. (2013). Frailty in elderly people. The Lancet, 381(9868), 752–762.
Al-Amarei H. M. Z. (2015). Assessment of depression Older Residents at Nursing Homes in Al-Najaf City. Diyala Journal of Medicine, 9(1): 39,40,41.
Sultan M. M., AL- Juboori A. K., (2017). Psychological Well-being for Elderly People at Geriatric Centers in Baghdad City. Iraqi National Journal of Nursing Specialties, 30(1): 89, 90, 92
Abd-El Aziz H. E., El-Sayed E. M., 2018. Impact of a Health Promotion Educational Program on Quality of life, Depressive Symptoms and Feeling of Loneliness among Institutionalized Egyptian Elderly. Saudi Journal of Nursing and Health Care, 1(1):1–14.
El Kady H and Ibrahim H. (2018). Depression among a group of elders in Alexandria, Egypt. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Health, 2013; 19 (2): P.P.168.
Grover, S., Avasthi, A., Sahoo, S., Lakdawala, B., Dan, A., Nebhinani, N., et al (2018). Relationship of loneliness and social connectedness with depression in elderly: A multicentric study under the aegis of Indian Association for Geriatric Mental Health. J Geriatr Ment Health; 5: 99–106.
Vasilopoulos, A., Marinou, S., Rammou, M., Sotiropoulou, P., Roupa, Z., & Siamaga, E. (2018). A research on anxiety and depression of the elderly in the community. Hellenic Journal of Nursing Science 11(3): 59–66.
Heidari A, Arefi M, Amiri H. (2019). The Predictive Model of Elderly Psychological Well-Being Based on Personality with the Mediation
of Self-Care, Spiritual Experiences and Death Anxiety. Avicenna J of Neuropsychophysiology. 6(2): 91–101.
Saeed, B. A. (2017). Suicidal ideation among a group of depressed outpatients. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 21(3), 1907–1914.
Basha, E. A., Mengistu, B. T., Engidaw, N. A., Wubetu, A. D., & Haile, A. B. (2021). Suicidal Ideation and Its Associated Factors Among Patients with Major Depressive Disorder at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 17, 1571.
Holwerda, T. J., Deeg, D. J., Beekman, A. T., Van Tilburg, T. G., Stek, M. L., Jonker, C., & Schoevers, R. A. (2014). Feelings of loneliness, but not social isolation, predict dementia onset: results from the Amsterdam Study of the Elderly (AMSTEL). Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 85(2), 135–142.
Abdulridha, M. A., Naji, A. B. (2016). Evaluation of the Elderly’s Environmental Practices Concerning Fall prevention at Governmental
Elderly Homes in Baghdad City. Iraqi National Journal of Nursing Specialties, 29 (2): 74–84.
Atiyah A. A., Khalifa M. F. (2015). Assessment of Elderly’s Satisfaction toward Health Care at Geriatric Home in Baghdad City. Kufa Journal of Nursing Sciences, 5(3): 1–12.
Abdul-Mohsin M. A., 2018. Assessment of Psychological and Social Status for the Elderly at the Elderly Home in Baghdad city. First Scientific Conference of Health and Medical Specialties / Baghdad., 5: 354–365.
Trivedi, M. H., Morris, D. W., Wisniewski, S. R., Lesser, I., Nierenberg, A. A., Daly, E., ... & Rush, A. J. (2013). Increase in work productivity of depressed individuals with improvement in depressive symptom severity. American Journal of Psychiatry, 170(6), 633–641.
Darweesh L. (2017). Assessment of quality of life among family caregivers of patients with depressive disorder attending Ali-Kamal psychiatric References 107 consultation clinic in Sulaimani city, unpublished thesis, University of Sulaimani-Iraq. 24. Ahmad, A. et al., (2016). Loneliness, Self Esteem, and Depression among Elderly People of Kashmir, International Journal of Indian Psychology, 3(4), 59.
Sangar MA, Karem FA, Alireza NN., Muaf AK, (2015). Old age satisfaction regarding geriatric home services in Erbil city. Journal of Medicine and Life, 8(3): 195–198.
Collingridge Moore, D., Payne, S., Keegan, T., Van den Block, L., Deliens, L., Gambassi, G., Froggatt, K. (2020). Length of stay in long-term care facilities: a comparison of residents in six European countries. Results of the PACE cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 10(3).
Rashid A, Manan A, Rohana S (2010). Depression among the elderly Malays living in rural Malaysia. The Internet Journal of Public Health 2010; 1(2): 1–10.
Majdi MR, Ghayour-Mobarhan M, Salek M, Shakeri MT, Mokhber N. (2011). Prevalence of depression in an elderly population: A populationbased study in Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 5(1): 17–21.
Chase LE, Sapkota RP, Crafa D, Kirmayer LJ (2018). Culture and mental health in Nepal: an interdisciplinary scoping review. Glob Ment Health 5:e36. 10.1017/gmh.2018.27.
Abdul Manaf, M. R., Mustafa, M., Abdul Rahman, M. R., Yusof, K. H., & Abd Aziz, N. A. (2016). Factors influencing the prevalence of mental health problems among Malay elderly residing in a rural community: A crosssectional study. PloS One, 11(6), e0156937.
Mollaoğlu M, Tuncay Fatma Özkan, Fertelli TK. (2010). Mobility disability and life satisfaction in elderly people. Arch Gerontol Geriatr; 51:e115–9.
Ali, B. H. I. (2018). Application of Orem self care deficit theory on psychiatric patient. Annals of Nursing and Practice, 5(1), 1–3.
Sarokhani D, Parvareh M, Dehkordi A. H, Sayehmiri K, & Moghimbeigi A. Prevalence of depression among Iranian elderly: systematic review and meta-analysis. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, 2018;13(1):55–64.
Abdoli, N., Salari, N., Darvishi, N., Jafarpour, S., Solaymani, M., Mohammadi, M., & Shohaimi, S. (2022). The global prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) among the elderly: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 132, 1067–1073.
Lin HS, Probst JC, Hsu YC. (2010). Depression among female psychiatric nurses in southern Taiwan: main and moderating effects of job stress, coping behaviour and social support. J Clin Nurs 19: 2342–54.
Chang Y, Wang PC, Li HH, Liu YC. Relations among depression, self-efficacy and optimism in a sample of nurses in Taiwan. J Nurs Manag. 2011;19: 769–76.
Nagaraj AKM, Mathew J, Nanjegowda RB, Majgi SM, SM P. Psychiatric Morbidity Among Elderly People Living in Old Age Homes and
in the Community: A Comparative Study. Online J Heal Allied Sci. 2011;10(4):1–5.
Ghimire H, Pokharel PK, Shyangwa PM, Baral DD, Aryal A, Mishra AK.2012 Are Elderly People Living In Old-Age Home, Less Depressed Than Those Of Community? Findings From A Comparative Study. J Chitwan Med Coll. 1(2):5–8.
Qadir F, Haqqani S, Khalid A, Huma Z, Medhin G. 2014. A pilot study of depression among older people in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. BMC Res Notes. 7(1):409.
Karini D, Kumar Lotheti S, Bhimarasetty DM. 2019. A comparative study of depression among the elderly living in old age homes and community in Visakhapatnam, India. Int J Community Med Public Heal 6(4):1482.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.