Health Research Priority Setting in Oman: Towards better utilization of the available resources
Objective: This concept paper aims to portray the steps and strategies followed in setting the health research priorities in Sultanate of Oman.
Methods: This exercise was developed based on COHRED management process to priority setting for planning a high-quality health research priority setting exercise at national and sub national levels. Ranking for the diseases and risk factors in Oman was based on the estimates obtained from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2016 study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). The most important topics were generated from a panel of experts to tackle the above ranked problems, which was supported with a feasibility score to plan for conducting research.
Results: A list of top 30 diseases and 10 risk factors based on DALYs estimates was ranked and listed. Sub-research topics were listed under each category. Feasibility scores were obtained from all the sub-national levels based on available human resources, infrastructure, financing, technology, legality, and ethical consideration. A plan for the next 15 years was developed for each sub national level based on the feasibility score.
Conclusion: Prioritisation mechanisms are necessary to facilitate the current demand for increased harmonisation of health research to meet health services needs particularly in combination with translating the results into actions that improve overall population health. Due to the immense importance of health research in improving the health system and health services, the decision to prioritise health research was the first step in the direction to enhance health research and thereby enhance health service in Oman by the Centre of Studies & Research. This intervention will lead the health system to achieve better planning for effective utilization of available resources.
2. Al-Mawali A. Non-Communicable Diseases: Shining a Light on Cardiovascular Disease, Oman's Biggest Killer. Oman Med J. 2015 Jul;30(4):227-8. doi: 10.5001/omj.2015.47. PMID: 26366254; PMCID: PMC4561645
3. Angelis A, Kanavos P, Montibeller G. 2017. Resource Allocation and Priority Setting in Health Care: A Multiâ€ criteria Decision Analysis Problem of Value? Global Policy, 8: 76-83.
4. Council on Health Research for Development (COHRED). 1997. Essential National Health Research and Priority Setting: Lessons Learned.
5. Dolan P, Tsuchiya A. 2005. Health priorities and public preferences: the relative importance of past health experience and future health prospects. Journal of health economics, 24: 703-714.
6. Viergever RF, Olifson S, Ghaffar A, Terry RF. 2010a. A checklist for health research priority setting: nine common themes of good practice.Health Research Policy and Systems, 8: 36.
7. Ministry of Health Oman. 2015. Ninth Five Year-Plan for Health Development.
8. Ministry of Health Oman. Annual Health Report 2016.
9. Fryatt R, Mills A, Nordstrom A. 2010. Financing of health systems to achieve the health Millennium Development Goals in low-income countries. The Lancet, 375: 419-426.
10. Deng G, Weber W, Sood A, Kemper KJ. 2010. Research on integrative healthcare: context and priorities. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 6: 143-158.
11. AL-MAWALI, Adhra; IDIKULA, John; DANIEL PINTO, Avinash. Fraud and Misconduct in Clinical Research: A Step to Improve Ethical Practice in Research. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 3, sep. 2018. ISSN 2413-0516. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/jcms/article/view/449>. Date accessed: 29 june 2020
12. Ghaffar A, Collins T, Matlin S, Olifson S. 2009. The 3D Combined Approach Matrix: An improved tool for setting priorities in research for health. Geneva: Global Forum for Health Research.
13. Okello D, Chongtrakul P. 2000. A manual for research priority setting using the ENHR strategy. COHRED.
14. El Lawindi MI, Galal YS, Khairy WA. 2016. Health Research and Millennium Development Goals: Identifying the Gap From Public Health Perspective. Global journal of health science, 8: 1.
15. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). 2016. Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 (GBD 2016).
16. World Health Organization. The Global Burden of Disease concept. (Available from http://www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/publications/en/9241546204chap3.pdf). Accessed on July 1, 2018.
17. Mitchell S, Shaw D. 2015. The worldwide epidemic of female obesity. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol, 29: 289-99.
18. World Health Organization. Framework for developing a health systems research agenda. (Available from http://www.who.int/rpc/meetings/Framework_for_developing_a_health_systems_research_agenda.pdf). Accessed on July 3, 2018.
19. Viergever RF, Terry R, Matsoso M. 2010b. Health research prioritization at WHO: an overview of methodology and high-level analysis of WHO led health research priority setting exercises. Geneva: World Health Organization.
20. Kutzin J. 2001. A descriptive framework for country-level analysis of health care financing arrangements. Health policy, 56: 171-204.
21. Montorzi G, De Haan S, IJsselmuiden C. 2010. Priority Setting for Research for Health: a management process for countries. Council on Health Research for Development (COHRED).
22. Whear R, Thompsonâ€ Coon J, Boddy K, et al. 2015. Establishing local priorities for a health research agenda. Health Expectations, 18: 8-21.
23. National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO). 2010. Tip Sheet: Prioritizing Issues in a Community Health Improvement Process. Community Health Assessments and Community Health Improvement Plans for Accreditation Preparation Demonstration Project.
24. Organization WH. 1997. A Research policy agenda for science and technology to support global health development: a synopsis. Geneva:World Health Organization.
25. Al Mawali AHN, Al Qasmi AM, Al Sabahi SMS, Idikula J, Elaty MAA, Morsi M, Al Hinai AT. Oman Vision 2050 for Health Research: A Strategic Plan for the Future Based on the Past and Present Experience. Oman Med J. 2017 Mar;32(2):86-96. doi: 10.5001/omj.2017.18. PMID: 28439378; PMCID: PMC5397084.
26. Oman Health vision 2050, published by undersecretary of Planning, 2015, Ministry of health, sultanate of Oman.
27. Ranson MK, Bennett SC. 2009. Priority setting and health policy and systems research. Health Research Policy and Systems, 7: 27.
28. Garcia AB, Cassiani SHDB, Reveiz L. 2015. A systematic review of nursing research priorities on health system and services in the Americas. Revista Panamericana de Salud PÃºblica, 37: 162-171.
29. Cooke J, Ariss S, Smith C, Read J. 2015. On-going collaborative priority-setting for research activity: a method of capacity building to reduce the research-practice translational gap. Health Research Policy and Systems, 13: 25
30. Madon T, Hofman KJ, Kupfer L, Glass RI. 2007. Implementation science. American Association for the Advancement of Science
31. World Health Organization. 2011. A prioritized research agenda for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases.
32. Mirzoev T, Kane S. 2017. What is health systems responsiveness? Review of existing knowledge and proposed conceptual framework. BMJ global health, 2: e000486.
33. Remme JH, Adam T, Becerra-Posada F, et al. 2010. Defining research to improve health systems. PLoS medicine, 7: e1001000.