Outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction in Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Keywords:STEMI, Primary PCI, Iraq
Objective: This registry aims to clarify the characteristics and 6-weeks outcomes of patients with STEMI after PPCI in the region.
Methods: Data from a total of 151 STEMI patients undergoing PPCI at Duhok heart center, Iraq from 2020 to 2021 was collected. Patient’s demographic, clinical and PPCI profiles were recorded. The major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF%) outcomes for 6 weeks period was registered.
Results: Of the 151 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent PPCI, 46 (30.4%) were <50 years old. Majority of patients were males and have clusters of cardiometabolic risk factors. 64% of cases attained Cath lab within first hour of initial chest pain. Almost 90% of STEMI cases were treated with stenting with TIMI3 in (94%). 80% of PPCI cases discharged home within 24 hours uneventfully. 6-weeks LVEF was preserved within normal range in 55% of cases. 36% had MACEs including impaired LVEF. All cause-mortality happened in 5%. 4% were Censored from follow up. The predictors of 6-weeks outcomes were depend on type/location of myocardial infarction, the culprit artery, TIMI flow post PCI and length of hospital stay.
Conclusions: This registry has shown feasibility in doing PPCI with reasonable outcomes in the Region. Networking of capable centers of PPCI in the country is essential for augmenting the cardiac services and sharing the knowledge among cardiologists and people for better STEMI outcomes.
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